This project is based around the recent HF1 QRP transceiver by Ashhar Farhan, VU2ESE. The transceiver is an interesting SSB design with wide tuning range from 0-30MHz and should cover several amateur bands. The schematic for the transceiver can be found on the Minima mail list in this post with a PDF attachment.
After a front end 0-30MHz filter, the transceiver uses a 45 MHz first IF and a 10 MHz second IF. The famous bi directional amplifiers are used in the bi directional SSB sections of the radio.
Studying for the General ham license, which is the next step up from the Technician’s license has led to some interesting (and entertaining) “ah-ha” moments for me regarding the design of radio antennas.
Prior to dipping my toes into the ham test question pools, I’d always thought of antennas as passive equipment, responsible for receiving signals only. (Keep in mind I have no prior background in electronics.)
But it transpires that antennas not only receive, they also SEND signals and as a result short mobile antennas like those used for a car rig can develop quite a bit of voltage at the terminal tip when transmitting.
This brings me to the ah-ha moment– those little balls on the end of an antenna tip are called “corona balls” and their PURPOSE is to prevent high voltage discharge from the antenna tip! They are not just decorative!
Who knew, right?
I remember from my childhood, some of the old cartoons having an animated beeping antenna where the corona ball actually lights up. (A corona is a halo of light– or electricity.) And knowing now that the corona ball prevents high voltage from dangerously flying off the tip of an antenna, that cartoon suddenly makes so much more sense.
The joke in the programming world, of which I have been a part for many years is the first baby program is always concerned with outputting a simple “Hello World” to the screen.
So in Ham lingo, talking to the world, instead of your local area is called DX-ing.
In the old days, you need a HF (High Frequency) transceiver to make world wide contacts, but these days, with the advent of digital and VOIP modes, you can literally use your phone (via Echolink) to talk to hams in other countries.
There are other ways too, but with Echolink you can get set up in minutes and be looking for your first DX the same day you get your license.